This Week in Movie History: 4/4/16

April 9, 1913:  Denmark’s Royal Library in Copenhagen establishes the world’s first film archive.

April 10, 1915: The controversy over D.W. Griffith‘s portrayal of blacks in The Birth of a Nation rages on, as thousands protest the film.

April 6, 1925: Passengers on a London-Paris Imperial Airways flight are treated to one of the first “in-flight movies” when they watch The Lost World.

April 7, 1927: Upon the centenary of the military leader’s death, French director Abel Gance releases an epic achievement, the landmark Napoleon.

April 8, 1932: Paramount’s romantic comedy This Is the Night, marking the screen debut of  28-year-old Cary Grant, opens today.

April 6, 1936: Olympic athlete-turned-actor Larry “Buster” Crabbe blasts off as spacefaring hero Flash Gordon in the Universal Pictures serial.

April 5, 1951: The comedy Bedtime for Bonzo, starring future Commander-in-Chief Ronald Reagan and the title chimpanzee, opens.

April 10, 1952: Director Elia Kazan (A Streetcar Named Desire) testifies before the House Committee on Un-American Activities, naming eight colleagues as communists.

April 9, 1952Gene Kelly eschews bumbershoot and poncho to go Singin’ in the Rain in the movie, opening today, of the same name.

April 4, 1958: Cheryl Crane, 14-year-old daughter of Lana Turner, fatally stabs her mother’s lover, gangster Johnny Stompanato, in self-defense.

April 10, 1959: “Surf’s up!” as Sandra Dee stars in Gidget, first in a line of popular teen comedies.

April 4, 1960: William Wyler’s monumental religious drama, Ben-Hur, takes home a record 11 Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Actor (Charlton Heston).

April 7, 1960: Respected British director Michael Powell comes under fire for his latest, Peeping Tom, a psychological drama about a deranged killer.

April 10, 1972: A grateful Charlie Chaplin, 82, takes the stage at L.A.’s Dorothy Chandler Pavilion to accept an honorary Academy Award for his body of work.

April 9, 1975: Arthurian legend will never be the same, as the outrageous comedy Monty Python and the Holy Grail opens in London.

April 8, 1986: Voters in Carmel, California make actor Clint Eastwood’s day by electing him mayor with an overwhelming 72% majority.

April 8, 1988: Action icon Steven Seagal makes his screen debut as the hero of Above the Law.

April 10, 1992: After several lean years, director Robert Altman scores a career revival with his acerbic Hollywood satire, The Player.

April 5, 2008: Oscar-winning actor Charlton Heston (The Ten Commandments, Ben-Hur) dies of complications from pneumonia at 84.

April 8. 2011: Sidney Lumet, director of Dog Day Afternoon and Network, dies at 86 from cancer.

April 4, 2013: Pulitzer Prize-winning film critic, columnist, author and screenwriter (Beyond the Valley of the Dolls) Roger Ebert dies of complications from cancer at 70.

April 8, 2013: Former Mousketeer and Beach Party co-star Annette Funicello passes away from complications of multiple sclerosis at the age of 70.

April 6, 2014: Child star-turned-Oscar-winner Mickey Rooney, star of MGM’s Andy Hardy film series, dies at 93.