This Week in Film History: 5/17/15

May 20, 1891: Inventor Thomas Edison gives the first public demonstration of his kinetoscope, which allowed one viewer at a time to watch a three-second film of a man bowing and waving.

May 17, 1912: Carl Laemmle oversees the merger of a number of independent production companies to form Universal Manufacturing Company.

May 18, 1912: The first feature film from what would go on to be a burgeoning cinema industry in India, Pundalik, opens in Bombay.

May 20, 1926: Thomas Edison says that audiences will prefer silent movies over experimental talking pictures.

May 19, 1927: Grauman’s Chinese Theater opens in Hollywood. The first film: The King of Kings. The first star to officially leave their footprints in cement: Norma Talmadge.

May 20, 1928: Buster Keaton’s final silent comedy as an independent filmmaker, Steamboat Bill, Jr., opens.

May 21, 1942:  For the first time, James Cagney attends the premiere of one of his films: the patriotic song-and-dance extravaganza Yankee Doodle Dandy.

May 21, 1945: Humphrey Bogart, 45, marries his To Have and Have Not co-star Lauren Bacall, 20. The couple will stay wed until Bogart’s death in 1957.

May 22, 1949: His work on A Letter to Three Wives lands Joseph L. Mankiewicz the first Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Director–Feature Film.

May 21, 1952: Within one month of his appearance before the House Un-American Activities Committee, John Garfield dies of a heart attack at age 39.

May 21, 1958: An apparently unimpressed Universal opens Orson Welles’ since-heralded Touch of Evil on a double bill on neighborhood screens.

May 20, 1970: A month after The Beatles announced their break-up, their film Let It Be premieres in London.

May 23, 1980: “Heeeere’s Johnny!” Stanley Kubrick’s filming of the Stephen King thriller The Shining opens.

May 21, 1981: The board of Transamerica Corp., owners of United Artists since 1967, agrees to sell the ailing production company to MGM for a reported $380 million.

May 21, 1983: The concluding film in the original “Star Wars” trilogy, Return of the Jedi, debuts.

May 20, 1988: Computer-generated “morphing” effects are used for the first time in director Ron Howard’s fantasy-adventure Willow.

May 21, 1991: Actor Mickey Rourke tries his hand at boxing in Florida, defeating Steve Powell by unanimous decision.

May 23, 1993: The surreal, cyberpunk fantasy Wax, Or the Discovery of Television Among the Bees becomes the first film to be transmitted over the Internet.

May 23, 1994Quentin Tarantino‘s violent drama Pulp Fiction wins the Palme d’Or at Cannes, and will go on to reignite the flagging career of co-star John Travolta.

May 19, 1999: The long-awaited Star Wars, Episode I: The Phantom Menace sets an opening day box office record of $28.5 million.

May 21, 2000: Academy Award-winning British actor Sir John Gielgud (Arthur, Gandhi) dies at age 96.

May 19, 2005: The second “Star Wars” trilogy comes to a close with the debut of Star Wars, Episode III: Revenge of the Sith.

May 19, 2006The Da Vinci Code, starring Tom Hanks and based on the controversial Dan Brown bestseller, opens.

May 22, 2008: Harrison Ford picks up the fedora for the first time in 19 years to star in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull.