This Week in Film History: 11/1/15

November 7, 1902: French inventor/film executive Leon Gaumont demonstrates his Chronophone system of showing films with synchronized phonograph cylinders.

November 4, 1907: The Chicago City Council Ordinance forbids the showing of “obscene and immoral pictures” and grants police permission to ban a movie’s release.

November 2, 1924: The first film from the newly-formed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studio, He Who Gets Slapped with Lon Chaney, is released.

November 3, 1939: “Garbo Laughs!,” and so do audiences, as Ernst Lubitsch’s wry comedy Ninotchka opens.

November 4, 1948: The treatment of the mentally ill is graphically depicted in The Snake Pit, starring Olivia de Havilland.

November 3, 1954: The biggest leading man in Japanese film history rises out of the Pacific, as the original Gojira opens.

November 3, 1956: The Wizard of Oz makes its network broadcast debut (in black and white) on CBS; “Cowardly Lion” Bert Lahr and a 10-year-old Liza Minnelli are the hosts.

November 6, 1958: A young Steve McQueen, in his first starring film role, defends Phoenixville, Pa. from that man-eating goo from outer space, The Blob.

November 1, 1962: Shane star Alan Ladd is found lying in a pool of blood with a bullet wound near his heart; he’ll later tell police the self-inflicted shooting was accidental.

November 1, 1967: The popularity of screen “anti-heroes” continues with the arrival of Cool Hand Luke, starring Paul Newman as a prisoner with a “failure to communicate.”

November 1, 1968: The MPAA’s self-imposed ratings system goes into effect. They are: G (General Audiences), M (Mature Audiences), R (Restricted), X (Over 18 Only).

November 2, 1975: The disfigured body of Italian director Pier Paolo Pasolini, 51, is found on a beach in Italy, the victim of an apparent homicide.

November 3, 1976Brian De Palma’s shock tale Carrie, starring Sissy Spacek, debuts. It’s the first film based on the writings of author Stephen King.

November 4, 1980: America puts its first professional actor in the White House, as Ronald Reagan is elected the 40th President of the United States.

November 2, 1990: Pioneering silent comedy producer Hal Roach, who created Our Gang and teamed Laurel and Hardy, passes away at the age of 100.

November 6, 1991: The sultry title star of Laura, actress Gene Tierney, passes away from emphysema at 70.

November 4, 1994: After winning acclaim at the Sundance Film Festival, Kevin Smith’s $30,000 convenience-store comedy Clerks goes into general release.

November 1, 2006: Actress/filmmaker Adrienne Shelly, 40, whose seriocomedy Waitress would be released the following year, is found murdered in her Manhattan apartment.

November 5, 2010: Oscar-nominated actress Jill Clayburgh, star of An Unmarried Woman, dies at 66.