This Week in Film History, 05.11.14

May 15, 1900: The Lumière brothers dazzle audiences at the Paris World’s Fair with films projected onto an enormous 82′ x 49′ wide screen.

May 17, 1912: Carl Laemmle oversees the merger of a number of independent production companies to form Universal Manufacturing Company.

May 11, 1927:  The Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences is founded. There are 36 members, presided over by Douglas Fairbanks.

May 16, 1929: The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences holds its first Academy Awards ceremony at Hollywood’s Roosevelt Hotel; 12 awards and two honorary statues are presented.

May 11, 1931: Germany’s first sound film, Fritz Lang‘s M, is released, featuring stage actor Peter Lorre in a chilling portrayal of a child murderer.

May 14, 1938: Errol Flynn–playing a role first planned for James Cagney–hits a bullseye with critics and audiences in The Adventures of Robin Hood.

May 12, 1944: Roy Rogers makes his first movie with future wife Dale Evans, The Cowboy and the Senorita, but saves his screen kisses for Trigger.

May 15, 1948: A U.S. Supreme Court ruling against “monopolistic practices” will, over the next two years, force studios to divest themselves of their theaters.

May 13, 1955: The Universal horror film Revenge of the Creature opens. Making his screen debut as a lab assistant: Clint Eastwood.

May 13, 1956: After leaving a dinner party given by Elizabeth Taylor, Montgomery Clift gets into a devastating car accident that seriously scars his face.

May 13, 1961: Screen star Gary Cooper, 60, in films from 1925’s The Vanishing American until this year’s The Naked Edge, dies of cancer.

May 11, 1963: An Italian court sentences director Pier Paolo Pasolini to four months suspended sentence for “public defamation” because of his work in RoGoPaG.

May 12, 1987: Woody Allen and Ginger Rogers are among the Hollywood notables speaking out against the colorization of vintage films before Congress.

May 15, 1987: Hollywood wags will have a new synonym for “bomb” with the failure of the $40 million Warren Beatty/Dustin Hoffman comedy Ishtar.

May 16, 1990: Muppet creator and family entertainment guru Jim Henson, 53, and actor-singer-dancer Sammy Davis, Jr., 64, die.

May 14, 1998: “The Voice” is finally silenced, as legendary singer and Oscar-winning actor Frank Sinatra faces the final curtain at age 82.

May 16,2002: Star Wars, Episode II: Attack of the Clones debuts with an $80 million opening weekend.