Raymond Chandler–the creator of Philip Marlowe, one of literature’s great detectives–signed a contract in 1941 for RKO to film his novel Farewell, My Lovely. The price: $2,000. According to Frank McShane’s The Life of Raymond Chandler, it was a decision the writer later regretted, blaming the “unparalleled stupidity on the part of my New York agent.”
Even worse, RKO took Chandler’s now-acclaimed novel and adapted it as The Falcon Takes Over (1942), a “B” detective film. It was the third entry in the Falcon film series, based on a gentleman detective created by Michael Arlen in a 1940 short story. In fact, the film’s opening credits state the screenplay was “based on the character created by Michael Arlen” and then in smaller letters, it includes “From the novel Farewell, My Lovely by Raymond Chandler.”
Surprisingly, the plot adheres pretty closely to Chandler’s novel, with a big lug named Moose Malloy (Ward Bond) looking for his girlfriend Velma. Moose has recently escaped from the state pen, where he spent five years taking the rap for Velma’s boss. Now, he’s mad–and that’s neck-breaking bad news for anyone getting in his way. After Moose kills a nightclub owner, Gay Lawrence (George Sanders)–aka The Falcon–takes an interest in the case, especially the whereabouts of Velma. He also becomes involved with an alleged necklace theft, a beautiful icy blonde, and a fake psychic. Since this is a plot devised by Raymond Chandler, one can rest assured that somehow it all ties together. (Chandler often interwove plots from previously-written short stories into his novels; for Farewell, My Lovely, the stories were “Try the Girl” and “Mandarin’s Jade.”)
For anyone who has read Chandler’s novel or has seen the superior 1944 adaptation Murder, My Sweet, it’s jarring to see George Sanders’ upper-class detective filling in for Marlowe. Marlowe’s cynical first-person narrative and the seedy settings have been replaced with lighthearted title music and a bumbling assistant named Goldy (Allen Jenkins) who provides comic relief.
Sanders, after five movies as The Saint–a similar character–and two as The Falcon, looks relatively bored. He would make one more Falcon movie, The Falcon’s Brother, in which Gay Lawrence is killed off and replaced with his brother Tom Lawrence (played by Sanders’ real-life brother Tom Conway). This clever idea was good news for Sanders’ career and for The Falcon series, which improved with Conway and produced a low-budget gem with The Falcon and the Co-eds.
Still, at 65 minutes, The Falcon Takes Over is a watchable mystery and features good performances from Bond as Moose and Helen Gilbert as the chilly Diana Kenyon. Judging from this film alone, it’s surprising that Gilbert didn’t get better parts. Although she appeared in major film series like Andy Hardy and Dr. Kildare, her career stalled after the mid-1940s, although she made a handful of television appearances in the ’50s.
The supporting cast in The Falcon Takes Over also includes Turhan Bey as the fake psychic (foreshadowing his role in The Amazing Mr. X), James Gleason as a police detective, and Hans Conried (who is unbilled).
A third version of Farewell, My Lovely (with that title, for a change) appeared in 1975 with Robert Mitchum as Marlowe. It earned generally positive reviews, although I was less enthused, principally because Mitchum seemed at least a decade too old to be playing Chandler’s detective.