Bela Lugosi: Ten Things to Know About the Iconic Star

LUGOSI, BELA 2Editor’s Note: This article was originally published in May of 2012.

Here are 10 trivia facts about Bela Lugosi which originally appeared as a “Guess the Actor” feature on our Facebook page. There are hundreds of pieces of behind-the-scenes information about this legendary horror star. Please feel free to comment and add more trivia we might have missed.

1. Before coming to Hollywood, he had already made his Broadway debut.

American film audiences first saw Bela Lugosi as an enemy agent plotting to blow up the Panama Canal in a 1923 Fox suspenser entitled The Silent Command. The Hungarian-born actor arrived in the U.S. in 1920, and–after various manual labor jobs–found acting work in New York’s Hungarian acting community. His Broadway break came in 1922 with the role of an Apache dancer in The Red Poppy. Still unable to speak much English, Bela learned his lines phonetically and made enough of an impression to get other roles–including, in 1927, that of a certain Transylvanian nobleman with an aversion to crosses and mirrors and a taste for the necks of young ladies…but more about that later.

2. In fact, Lugosi starred on the stage and in films in his native country.

Bitten, not by a bat, but by the acting bug at an early age, Lugosi made his stage debut while still a teenager in 1900 or 1901 (the details are a little sketchy) in his native Austria-Hungary. Appearing in everything from operettas to Shakespeare, and at one point playing Jesus, Bela would eventually move to Budapest and become part of the National Theater of Hungary. His time there, usually marked with small supporting roles, was interrupted by Army service in World War I (where Bela was part of the ski patrol!). He made his first film in 1917 with Az Ezredes (under fellow Hungarian and future Casablanca director Michael Curtiz), and appeared in several more movies over the next two years. But when Hungary became independent after WWI and the Communists seized power in 1919, Lugosi–who had been active in organizing an actors’ union–was forced to flee: first to Vienna, then Berlin, before finally landing in New Orleans.

3. His first and last movie roles were silent.

LUGOSI, BELAIt’s no surprise that Bela Lugosi’s film debut in 1917’s Az Ezredes (The Colonel) was, of course, silent. But the capstone to his 40-year movie career, a three-year-old stock-footage appearance in D-movie legend Ed Wood’s sci-fi shocker Plan 9 from Outer Space (1959), was also dialogue-free. What’s more, Bela’s last role prior to Plan 9 was as a mute butler in the 1956 chiller The Black Sleep. This was certainly an ironic end for one of early Hollywood’s most distinctive voices.

4. His performing name was a tribute to his birthplace.

Born Bela Ferenc Dezsö Blasko on Oct. 20, 1882 in the town of Lugos, Austria-Hungary (now Lugoj, Romania), the actor would create his stage name as a permanent remembrance to his homeland and place of birth. Lugosi also briefly–thank heavens!–used the rather unwieldy pseudonym Arisztid Olt in some of his European stage and film appearances.

5. He did “body double” work for a memorable animated movie.

When the makers of the 1940 Disney animated opus Fantasia needed a live actor for photo references so they could draw the Slavic demon Chernabog in the “Night on Bald Mountain” sequence, they fittingly turned to Bela Lugosi. Years later, studio artist Bill Tytla would say that the Lugosi footage was found to be unsuitable, and that director Wilfred Jackson wound up serving as Chernabog’s model (a claim that, according to horror movie maven Forrest J. Ackerman, was discounted by Walt Disney himself). Looking at the bat-winged monster come to life on the screen, however, it seems clear that Bela definitely had some influence on the final product.

6. He was depicted on a U.S. postage stamp.

Bela LugosIn 1997, the United States Postal Service released a series of five Classic Movie Monsters postage stamps. Along with fellow fright icons Lon Chaney (The Phantom of the Opera), Lon Chaney, Jr. (The Wolf Man), and Boris Karloff (Frankenstein and The Mummy), Lugosi was featured as the undying Dracula.

7. He never received an Academy Award nomination.

While his later career was marked mostly by B-movie work in forgettable films (Bela Lugosi Meets a Brooklyn Gorilla, anyone?), Bela did garner critical acclaim for his performance in 1931’s Dracula, along with such pictures as Murders in the Rue Morgue (1932), The Black Cat (1934), The Raven (1935), Son of Frankenstein (1939), and others. Unfortunately, that sort of genre work rarely gets noticed by the Academy Awards voters. Still, Bela’s in good company, as such Golden Age contemporaries as John Barrymore, Errol Flynn, Myrna Loy, and Edward G. Robinson–along with fellow “bogey men” Karloff, Peter Lorre, Vincent Price, and the Chaneys–never got nominations, either.

8. Another performer, however, won an Oscar for portraying him.

For his uniquely comical and touching turn as an aged, drug-addicted Lugosi in Tim Burton’s 1994 biopic Ed Wood, veteran actor Martin Landau was given the Best Supporting Actor Academy Award. Landau’s performance, however, wasn’t universally praised; members of the Lugosi family took exception with the movies’s distortion of facts, the on-screen profanity (something they said Bela rarely did), and the claim that Lugosi’s relationship with Universal’s other horror star, Boris Karloff, was as hostile as depicted.

KARLOFF AND LUGOSIBela and Boris, while not the best of friends, were always cordial to each other, they said, on and off the set of the eight pictures they made together. Supposedly, though, Lugosi didn’t like Karloff’s habit of stopping shooting in mid-afternoons for a tea break.

9. He played the character he was best known for in two films.

Ask anyone on the street what Dracula sounds like, and the odds are they’ll launch into a Bela Lugosi imitation. As identified as he is with Bram Stoker’s Transylvanian bloodsucker, however, the actor only played the Count on the big screen twice. Bela re-created his Broadway stage role for Universal in 1931’s Dracula (director Tod Browning’s first choice, Lon Chaney, died from throat cancer the year before), and 17 years later he would don the cape once more for Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein. Like co-stars Lon Chaney, Jr. (as the Wolf Man) and Glenn Strange (as the Frankenstein Monster), Lugosi played his part in that horror/comedy romp seriously, making the scares–and laughs–that much more effective.

MARK OF THE VAMPIRELugosi played other vampiric characters–of one sort or another–in MGM’s Mark of the Vampire (1935), also directed by Browning; for Columbia Pictures in The Return of the Vampire (1944), originally planned as a Dracula follow-up before Universal threatened legal action; and in the British comedy Mother Riley Meets the Vampire (1952), about which the less said the better.

10. He was laid to rest in part of the costume of his most famous role.

One piece of Lugosi lore that Tim Burton’s Ed Wood did get right was that, after Bela died in August of 1956, the iconic star was buried in a Dracula cape from one of his stage performances. Lugosi’s son, lawyer Bela G. Lugosi, would later say that he and his mother, the actor’s fourth wife, made the choice…one which Bela most likely would have found fitting. Unlike Burton’s depiction, however, Bela’s funeral (paid for in part by an anonymous Frank Sinatra) was a well-attended event with many notable guests. A famous (though apparently false) story claimed that mourners Vincent Price and Peter Lorre were looking at Lugosi’s body lying in his coffin when Lorre turned to Price and asked, “Should we drive a stake through his heart, just in case?” Neither actor, however, attended the actual service.

Now, sit back, turn out the lights (if you dare!), and see horror master Bela Lugosi rise up from the grave in a 1940s re-release trailer for his fright classic Dracula:

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  • Marty

    Lugosi was the best! Mr. Lugosi and Boris Karloff were wonderful together. They made Universal Pictures the best in Horror films during the Golden Age of Films.

  • Wayne

    Great remembrance, Mr. Frebowitz and thanks for all your site does to help us recall the classics of flimlands Golden/Studio Age!  Am especially glad you mentioned that the one and only Lon Chaney Sr. was indeed Tod Brownings first choice as Count Dracula…but if he couldnt do it, at least we had a worthy successor.  On a sad note, Dwight Fry’s son wrote a biography of his Dad and told of what a short, hard life he had; doing back-breaking physical labor after not being able to continue his movie career, possibly due to the type-casting from his fine role as Draculas henchman

    • Sistergrimm

      Interestingly enough, Lugosi and Dwight had appeared on stage together before appearing in “Dracula.”  They were both on Broadway in 1926’s “Devil In the Cheese,”  and when it was time to cast for the screen version of “Dracula”, Bela let it be known he preferred his stage “Renfield,” Bernard Jukes, to Dwight’s histrionics.  In this case, I’m glad Bela didn’t prevail.

  • Bryankr

    It’s hard to imagine he only played the role twice on the screen and is still the “bar” everyone else tried to reach. He played this role so well! I know I was scared right our of of my shorts when I was a kid! They didn’t even use all the high tech they do today, and it still has that effect. Partly from the memory, I’m sure, but I think part was also their use of MY imagination! Thanks for the remembrance.

  • Blair kramer

    Bela Lugosi’s final days were downright tragic.  Years of drug addiction ruined his health and left him flat broke.  I suspect that people within the film industry refused to hire him as a direct result of his drug addiction.  Consequently, he ended up working for the talentless Ed Wood on the periphery of Hollywood. To say the least, his final film appearances remain decidedly emabarrassing (“… Pull the chain!  Pull the chain!  Pull the chain…!”). He was better than that.  He deserved better than that.  

    • StevenWells

       I’m not sure it’s entirely fair to say it was Lugosi’s addiction that “left him flat broke.” His entire life was a financial roller coaster, and he’d been broke a number of times prior to his final years – even after achieving international recognition – going back to the mid-to-late 30’s.

      By many accounts, his was very much a “live for today” personality, and when the money was rolling in, he was unapologetic about his belief in spending it on living large, without regard for future consequences.

  • Gemini09

    I was very young when I first saw Lugosi in “Dracula” but I remember being enthralled by his performance. Its sad that his later roles were just parodies and not worthy of him.

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  • Cgarthur519

    It don’t get any better than that!

  • Jim Smith

    Bela Lugosi was one of the finest actors that Hollywood placed in horror films and others as well.  He was a natural born actor who made it look so easy and interesting.  I think he will be most remembered for his role as Dracula.  I cannot think of any actor who could play Dracula as convincingly as Bela Lugosi.  He was the best.

  • Grand Old Movies

    Fascinating info, particularly that part about Lugosi modeling for Disney’s Fantasia – let’s hope that that’s really Bela’s shape onscreen!

  • linn

    i will never forget his face nor his name ”’Bela Lugosi”’  i was about 9 years old when i saw the movie ”Dracula” and it is the only movie that scared the hell out of me…i remember how captivated and trembling all thru the show i was and was thankful i had all my family around me…it was a spellbounding horror—-from then on ..i always slept with my neck covered and wore a cross and had one hanging on my bedroom wall……this kept up for over 40 yrs… kidding!–now i know he was just an actor — but he was good at this role — in fact the best….i have seen all his other movies and one or two of them still scare me….but my fav. is ”Dracula”—-RIP Bela—-you did good.

  • Roger Lynn

    loved the wolf man,,dracula,,,,Landau was remarkable

  • Charlie Ray

    God bless Bela Lugosi!  His career was a bit of a mess — for every really good film there were a half dozen grade B epics — but he was always entertaining and gave every film his all.  And (to paraphrase Mae West) when he was good, he was very good!  Dracula has many flaws as a film, but Lugosi is unforgetable in it.  Bela has provided my wife and I many happy hours of entertainment. 
    Bela & Boris forever!

  • Frank pienkosky

    yeah…ol’ Bela did ok….from magyarland ton Mann’s…(his “prints” are there…right?)

  • Nils Goering

    Lugosi scholars, Gary Don Rhodes and Bill Kaffenberger, have a new Lugosi book due out this summer.  It chronicles Lugosi’s stage work (plays, spook shows, personal appearances) from the mid forties to his 1950s Dracula tour in England.  Watch for it!

  • Frank G.

    Bela’s performance in “The Raven” is absolutely succulent ! (no pun intended).He relished every line of dialogue, and really sadistically tortured poor Boris ! The film is only an hour, but Bela squeezed every drop (no pun intended) out of it.

  • Carolismalun

    I remember watching  dracua when i was a kid and i always enjoyed them. I always thought that mr lugosi was one of the best. of his time. ms ci

  • psychoajr

    “Dracula,” the film, and Lugosi, its star, were a bore.  As a fan of horror film, I find this one to be the most over rated of its kind.  The classic novel it’s based on, is a masterpiece.

    • edward brady

      Obviously your not a Fan!

  • Lyndawillis1946

    I love Bela Lugosi as Dracula. I have the series always love old movies like this.

  • Steph Brown

    I’m with the others who like him. I like Bela Lugosi as Dracula, too and many other gruesome movies.

  • Dana Thompson

    The one and only Dracula, what a performance, by all in the film these were horror films, not the crap that grind out today

  • Dana Thompson

    Dwight Frye as Renfield, just genius

  • Reinhard D

    Why don’t they make movies like that anymore, with the suspense without the gory detail crap–leaving much more to the imagination? Is it because audiences just can’t think or imagine for thmselves?

    • Joshua Thirteen

      People have not changed. Part of the change is that rules for what is permissible to show and technical limitations on what is possible to show realistically have changed. Filmmakers can now do what they could not do in 1931, make a very bloody film that looks real, and put it out with an R rating. In 1931 everything had to be acceptable for all.

  • JimNauseam

    I’ve always found the 1931 “Dracula” to be a snooze fest (and vastly inferior to the original “Frankenstein”) but Lugosi almost makes it worth watching. I’m much more impressed with his Ygor in the later “Frankenstein” films, an (IMO) underappreciated tour-de-force of great character acting. He sells that shyte like Ron Popeil.

  • Kenneth Meyers

    Bela Lugosi is one of the finest actors of his time no one play Dracula like did he was the best. He was Dracula there will never be another one like him now that when actors could really act. I am a big fan of black and white movies that is went movies was movies.

  • Carrion DeGhoul

    Would you be so kind as to tell me what was the name of the autobiography from which the story about the exchange between Vincent Price and Peter Lorre at Bela’s funeral came from?